Vessel Traffic Separation

Regulations for Navigation of Vessels within Port Yuzhny Vessel Traffic Control Station Zone 


1. General


1.1.The present Regulations have been prepared on the basis of the Chapter 4, the Merchant Shipping Code of Ukraine, Typical  Provisions for Vessels Navigation Management approved by the  decree of the Ministry of Transport of Ukraine dated 28.05.2001 No. 340 registered by the Ministry of Junction of Ukraine 25.06.2001 under the No 545/5376, Rules for sailing and pilotage of vessels in the North-Western Part of the Black Sea, the Bug and Dnieper Liman and Kherson marine channels, approved by the decree of the Ministry of Transport of Ukraine dated 06.03.1998 No 69 with alterations and supplements registered by the Ministry of Junction of Ukraine 30.03.1998 under No. 212/2652.


1.2. Traffic of vessels in the approaches and Port Yuzhny water area shall be regulated by the Vessel Traffic Control Station Zone (further on - the Station) of the state company "Delta-Lotsman".


1.3. The Regulations shall be valid for navy ships and vessels (hereinafter "the vessels") of all flags and affiliations located within the Station Zone. Coordination of all vessels with the Station when sailing within its zone shall be binding.


Rendering of services to the vessel by the Station shall not decline responsibility from the Master of the vessel for safe navigation and environment protection and shall not exempt him from liability to use services of the state sea pilot in the area of the obligatory pilotage.


When performing actions on the basis of recommendations and instructions received from the Station the Master of the vessel himself shall make a decision relating to a direct operation of the vessel and provision of safe navigation.


1.4. Within the zone where these Regulations are applicable, MPPCC-72 shall have to be fulfilled if these Regulations do not prescribe otherwise.


1.5. Payment of services rendered to vessels by the Station shall be made on the basis of a receipt which is drawn by the Station’s pilot-operator in compliance with tariffs approved by the decree of the Ministry of Transport of Ukraine dated 27.06.96 No. 214 (reg. No 374/1399 of 10.01.2001) with alterations and supplements.


1.6. Sanctions to vessels that violate these Regulations and arrive to the Port shall be imposed by the Harbour Master of the Port Yuzhny, and to vessels that violate the Regulations and proceed to the other port - by the Harbour Master of the destination port.


2. The Station Zone and Organization of Traffic


2.1. The Station is located in the shore radar station building (Radar Stn.) at the Adjalyk liman entrance in the point with the coordinates 46 deg. 36' 01" N - 31 deg. 01' 25" E.


The Station Zone shall include the Adjalyk liman water area as well as the water area restricted by the shore line, meridian 30055' 00" E, the circle arc with 12 miles radius drawn from the point 46 deg.36'01" N - 31 deg. 01'25" E  between the meridian and the shore line.


2.2. Any movement of vessels in the Zone (entering the zone, anchoring, weighing anchor, berthing, unberthing, etc.) shall be performed with the permission of the Station only. The permission is cancelled and has to be obtained again if the vessel does not begin permitted actions within 30 minutes.


2.3. The Station shall give permission for entry to the Zone only after full identification of the vessel's reflected signal in the Radar Station screen and identification of the vessel.


2.4. Passing a vessel over from the adjacent Station (Stations of the ports of Odessa, Illiychevsk, Radar Station "Ochakov") and vice versa shall be effected within the limits of a mile wide strip which middle coincides with the boundary of the service zones of adjacent Stations. Acceptance and passing over of a vessel between the stations shall to be mutually confirmed.


2.5. The Station shall control traffic of vessels by issuing instructions, recommendations and information to vessels. Instructions relating to prohibition of movement, time to start traffic, route, traffic priority, speed and intervals, anchorages, actions for preventions of a direct danger shall be compulsory for the Master of the vessel.


The vessel shall have to repeat all station instructions addressed to her and, if these cannot be fulfilled, inform of the reason and further intentions.


2.6. When proceeding in the RR-1 area from the eastern boundary of the high caution navigation zone to the entry channel of  Port Yuzhny, gas carriers shall have advantage over the other vessels. Simultaneous movement of gas carriers in opposite directions within this area shall be prohibited.


2.7. Traffic Procedure in the Port waters shall be controlled.


2.7.l Portal fleet vessels performing frequent regular voyages within the Port water area shall apply the station for a permission to operate one day in advance, except cases of fulfilling complicated operations (internal port towage or shifting of objects from one berth to another) when a permission shall be applied for specifically in each particular case.


2.7.2. Traffic in port waters shall be one way. Movement in opposite directions inside the water area and in the approach channel shall be allowed when visibility is more than 2 miles for vessels 50.0 m long or 1,415 m3 (500.0 GT) that do not carry dangerous cargo.


2.7.3. Pilotage of gas, chemical carriers and tankers, either loaded or with non-degassed cargo tanks in ballast, from (to) Port pilot boarding point or from the roads anchorages to/from the Port shall be allowed with an escort vessel only. The escort vessel shall proceed before the carrying vessel at a distance of 8-10 cables and notify by VHF all vessels about movement of a gas, chemical carrier or tanker. Escorting function shall be performed by specialized port tugs.


2.7.4. Water area of 50.0 m wide adjacent to Berths No. 3 and 4 and oil terminals shall be announced a dangerous zone. All vessels and floating craft may enter this zone only with a permission of the Station rendering services to vessels staying at berths.


2.7.5. Navigation under conditions of restricted visibility shall be prohibited, viz:


- less than 1 mile – for all dry-cargo vessels with DWT exceeding 20,000 t and for gas, chemical carriers and tankers with DWT exceeding 10.000 t ;

- less than 0.5 miles – for all other vessels.


2.7.6. Passenger operations in the outer roads under swell exceeding 2 points and during heavy rainfalls may not be performed. The passenger launches shall be prohibited from going to the roads whenever the visibility is less than 0.5 miles.


2.7.7.Entry to the Port of any passenger vessel carrying passengers on board, apart from the passenger launches of Port Yuzhny portal fleet, may be permitted in the absence of gas, chemical carriers and tankers in the Port and with a consent of the Harbour Master in each particular case. 


2.7.8. Small craft shall be prohibited :


- to proceed down the sea approach channel;
- to approach moving vessels closer than 200.0 m;
- to approach the operative berths closer than 100.0 m.


3. Information and Communication


3.1. Each vessel shall have to establish radio communication with the Station on VHF channel 11 two miles before she enters the zone boundary. The call sign of the Station is "Yuzhny Port Control".


3.2. When establishing a  primary radio link with the Station, the vessel shall inform on the following:


- name of  the vessel, radio call sign, type, flag, IMO number;
- length overall, breadth and depth moulded, registered tonnage;
- actual aft and forward draft (m)
- shipowner (operator) and ship agent, name of the Master;
- port of exit ;
- Port of destination;
- purpose of call;
- kind of  cargo (UNO number for dangerous cargo) and quantity of cargo (ballast);
- people on board including passengers;
- manoeuverability  restrictions and faults precluding safe navigation, if any;
- requirement in pilot and tugs;
- for vessels towing objects to specify method of towage (with a tug, sidewise, by pushing) and maximum dimensions of  the convoy


The Master shall bear responsibility for trustworthiness of presented information.


3.3. Radio traffic between vessels and the station shall be maintained in Ukrainian, Russian and English with the use of standard sea navigation vocabulary.


3.4. All vessels that move inside the zone shall have to keep radio watch on the VHF channel 11 if no other channel is indicated by the Station. To change the channel or to cease keeping watch on the working channel  the vessel shall obtain a permission from the Station.


3.5. The vessels staying at anchor in the outer roads shall have to keep a permanent radio watch on the VHF channel 16.


3.5.1. A vessel staying at berth or at anchor shall have to establish communication with the station before starting movement and continue to act in compliance with the Station's instructions.


3.5.2. All vessels sailing in the Station zone shall immediately inform the station of any discrepancy with SNO, navigation and shipping conditions, and in case of arising unforeseen circumstances (visibility gets worse, failure of the main engine, steering device, falling of a man overboard) and of actions referring to safe sailing, safety of life and environment protection and further on  agree on their actions with the station. 


3.6. The pilot operator of the station having obtained information from the pilot-operator of the VTCS of the Port of Ilyichevsk, Port of Odessa concerning arrival time of the vessel going in transit into  BDLC and KSC shall have to pass this information  to the dispatcher  of the Marine Pilot Station (MPS) and into Operative and Coordination center (OCC) of  the State enterprise "Delta-Lotsman".


4. Functions of the Station


4.1. The station shall perform the following services:


- information services;
- vessel traffic control;
- radar control over the traffic of vessels and observance of Sailing Rules by vessels;
- radar control over positions of vessels staying at anchor in the anchorages;
- navigational assistance to vessels (remote pilotage);
- control vessels traffic;
- provide assistance to vessels during performance of salvage operations;
- assistance to vessels during emergency and salvage operations in the Station zone.


4.1.1. The station shall provide information services in its zone by submitting to vessels hydrometeorological information; changes in CHO activity, shifting of floating CHO from their places and other navigation and hydrological information; traffic information in its zone and factors interfering navigation; notifications when dangerous approach with other vessels  is in progress and preventive recommendations; notifications in cases of deviation from the safe route and recommendations on coming back to the specified route.


 Information shall be  passed both on vessel’s request and on the initiative of the Station.


4.1.2.When receiving weather forecasts or gale warnings, vessels lying in roads shall be notified by the pilot-operator of the Station by a radio link on VHF channel 16. Dredging convoys shall be notified by the Station through the convoy manager.


4.1.3. Vessel traffic control shall be performed by establishing a vessel traffic regime "with permission of the Station"; passing  instructions to vessels concerning traffic priority, time to start movement, route, speed and traffic intervals, anchorages.


4.1.4. When organizing traffic its priority shall be established as follows:


- jury vessels;
- vessels proceeding to render assistance;
- vessels with persons who are seriously ill on board;
- ships (cutters) of the State Boundary Service of Ukraine;
- hydrographic (cutters) proceeding to recover navigation equipment;
- passenger vessels and ferries proceeding according to schedule;
- vessels with dangerous cargo,
- vessels with perishable goods;
- liner vessels
- vessels engaged in towage.


4.1.5. The Station shall control vessel traffic in such a way  that vessels  do not approach gas, chemical carriers and tankers loaded or in ballast with degassed cargo tanks closer than 20 cables.


4.1. The Station shall perform a permanent radar control over vessel traffic and position of vessels in the anchorages. The Station shall control execution of current Sailing Rules by vessels and  notify if they are violated.


4.2.1. The Station shall perform a radar control over position of vessels in the anchorages and pass notifications to vessels in case a dangerous drift appears in the anchor.


4.3.  Remote pilotage  of vessel shall be performed   on request and shall become compulsory whenever the visibility is below 2 miles irrespective of whether there is a  pilot on board or not.


Remote pilotage shall be understood  as services including passing the information to the vessel which  assists the Master in making the decision concerning safe navigation of the vessel.


4.3.1. Remote pilotage shall be compulsory under any visibility  for :

- all vessels proceeding to the anchorages of the Port Yuzhny from the boundary of the zone to the point of anchorage and back;
- all vessels proceeding to the anchorages of the Port Yuzhny from the Port and back;
- gas carriers, chemical carriers, tankers, the vessels carrying flammable dangerous cargoes, passenger vessels.


4.3.2. Before beginning of  the remote pilotage a reliable communication shall have  to be established, the Master and  pilot operator shall  have to be convinced that the vessel is identified correctly and agree on a procedure of granting assistance.


4.3.3. Remote pilotage (navigation assistance) shall be provided by a regular transmittance to the vessel of the following navigation information:


- position of the vessel relating to the fairway, navigational orientation point, intermediate route points;
- course and speed of the vessel relating to the  bottom;
- tendency of the deviation from the fairway axis or traffic route;
- distance to the turning buoy (turning point);
- positions, traffic condition, other vessels intentions en route and also passing notifications to these vessels
- recommendations on changing the route and speed of the vessel.


4.3.4. During the remote pilotage the vessel shall be obliged to duplicate instructions and information received from the station and advise of all actions which are undertaken both on the basis of information and recommendations received and at her own discretion. The Master of the vessel shall undertake necessary measures to provide safety of  the vessel in case of  emergency at the station or loss of communication with the station.


4.3.5.Time of the beginning and the end of the remote pilotage shall be registered in the station’s log and by technical means of fixing the information, announced by the pilot-operator of the station and confirmed by the Master of the vessel by VHF radio communication.


4.3.6. All radio traffic between the Station and the vessel shall be recorded  by radio communications registrar. Records shall be kept for thirty days, afterwards claims of vessels and shipowners shall not be accepted by the Station.


4.3.7. The Station shall be liable for its instructions and information submitted in compliance with the legislation in force.


5. Navigation of vessels proceeding to BDLC and KSC and in opposite directions within the Station zone 


5.1. Pilotage of vessels proceeding to ports in  BDLC  and KSC  and in opposite directions shall be compulsory and  performed by state sea pilots of the liner pilot service SC "Delta-Lotsman" (further on "the Liner Pilot"). Marine Pilot Station (MPS) of the SC "Delta-Lotsman" is located in the Port Yuzhny.   


5.2. Point of meeting/disembarkation of pilots shall be located in position 46 deg.33,5'0" N - 31 deg. 01,0'E. The permission for the arrival of the vessel to the point where the line pilot is taken on board shall be given by port Yuzhny Station having agreed on it  with the agent of the vessel, MPS dispatcher and BCG of Ukraine.


5.3 In case the channel is closed, the vessels are not accepted by the Port of destination, ice conditions or other serious circumstances, vessels instructed by port Yuzhny Station shall be obliged  to anchor at any of port Yuzhny's anchorages if they are not occupied or with a permission of  VTCS of Odessa (channel 14) – within anchorage No. 354.  


5.4 Depending on the weather conditions the point where the line pilot is taken on board(disembarked) may be changed according to  the instructions of the line pilot or the  Station.


5.5.While approaching the  point where the line pilot is taken on board or (disembarked)the main engine of the vessel shall be  kept in a manoeuvring regime and the speed of the vessel shall be 6.0 knots or less.


5.6.  In the event of a forced increase of the speed in order to prevent a dangerous drift and to ensure the vessel’s control it shall be necessary to notify a pilot boat and the station thereof.


Vessel Traffic Control




- Channel 16 (156.800 MHz)

- Working channel 11 (156,550 MHz)

- Additional channels 79 (156,179 MHz/161,575 MHz) 

Yuzhny Port Control 




Liner Pilot Service SC "Lotsman" Marine Pilot Station 

- Working channel 17 (156,850 MHz)


Delta Lotsman



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