Part 3 - Terminal Safety Regulations
3.0 Safety Regulations
Nothing in these regulations will relieve Masters of their
responsibilities in observing the normal safety, fire prevention and
security precautions. Chevron Mooring Masters are authorised to advise and
request Master to take additional measures to ensure safe operations should
circumstances so require. Chevron Mooring Masters are also authorised to
suspend oil transfer operations in the event of an infringement of safety
regulations or if any other hazardous situation is encountered.
3.1 Safety Requirements
Masters will be given the Chevron Safety Requirement Letter by
the Chevron Mooring Master prior to commencement of berthing operations,
and a signed acknowledgement will be required.
3.2 Safety Checklist
On completion of berthing and prior to the commencement of
deballasting or cargo loading, the Muanda Terminal Safety Checklist will be
completed following a joint inspection by the Chevron Mooring Master and a
responsible export tanker's officer. The Chevron Safety Checklist is
based on the recommendations of the "International Safety
Guide for Oil Tankers and Terminals" (ISGOTT).
3.3 Inert Gas System
All the tankers calling at Muanda Terminal should arrive with the
cargo tanks inerted to 8 percent dioxine
or less by volume and pressurized as required by the SOLAS Convention. All
the vessels will be checked prior to berthing and rejected if found not in
compliance with the above requirement.
(a) Tank Inspection, Gauging, Sampling, Water Dips and
Should it be necessary for tanks to be inspected, then it should
only be done on a tank-by-tank basis. The system shall be maintained at
about 200 mm water gauge except for the individual tank to be opened which,
if possible, is to be isolated from the system and the sighting port opened
with care. On completion of inspection the tank shall be secured and
re-pressurized. The next tank is not to be isolated and opened until the
preceding tank is secured and open to the IGS system.
All gauging, sampling, water dips and temperatures will be taken either
through special fittings provided; or if it is necessary to open up tanks
for this purpose, then this will be done one (1) tank at a time as
(b) Failures of IGS
If at any time the IGS is not maintaining the prescribed
conditions, the Chevron Mooring Master shall
order a suspension of transfer operations. The cost of any delays will be
for the export vessel's account.
3.4 Ship/Ship Communication
Communication between the two (2) vessels will be by portable VHF
radios provided, if necessary, by Chevron. They shall be tested and found
satisfactory before transfer operations commence. The export tanker's
responsible officer, the Chevron Mooring Master and the "Chevron
Zenith" shall confirm with each other that the communication system
and signals for the controlling the operations are understood by all
personnel involved prior to the commencement of deballasting or cargo
3.5 Emergency Procedures
As required by the Muanda Terminal Safety Checklist, the Master
of the export Vessel and the Chevron Mooring Master should discuss and
agree upon the action to be taken in the event of an emergency or a fire on
board either the export tanker or the "Chevron Zenith". This
should include means of communication and emergency procedures. The Master
of the export tanker shall provide the Chevron Mooring Master with a copy
of the export tanker's Emergency Organisation and Contingency Plan.
3.6 Operating Procedures
Procedures for cargo and ballast operations shall be agreed in
writing between the Chevron Mooring Master and the export tanker's
Master and Chief Officer.
3.7 Fire Precautions
The export vessel's fire fighting appliances, including main
and emergency fire pumps, shall be kept ready for immediate use, and
pressure shall be maintained at all times on the fire main while in berth.
Before operations commence, at least two (2) fire hoses with jet/fog
nozzles shall be laid out on the tank deck, connected to the fire main and
tested as required by the Chevron Mooring Master. The two (2) fire monitors
immediately adjacent to the manifold should be elevated and made ready for
immediate use. A fire pump shall maintain pressure on the fire main and be
ready for immediate use. Two (2) portable fire extinguishers, preferably of
the dry chemical type, shall be available in the proximity of the manifold
3.8 Conditions To Be Observed On Board The Export Tanker During
(a) A responsible, English speaking ship's officer is
required to be on deck or in the control room at all times. A continuous
deck watch is to be maintained to ensure moorings are carefully tended and
cargo hoses are under observation at all times.
(b) Towing off wires shall be made fast to bit's as
far forward and aft as possible on the starboard side. The wires shall be
in good condition, at least 1-1/8" (28mm) diameter, and secured with
at least five turns or have the eye on the bit's. The outboard eye
shall be maintained at a height of between 1 metre and 2 metres above the
water at all times using a small diameter heaving line for this purpose.
(c) All doors, portholes and opening leading from or
overlooking the main deck to accommodation, machinery spaces (excluding
pump room) and forecastle shall be kept closed. Cargo control room doors
opening on to or above the main deck may be opened momentarily for access.
(d) All ventilators through which gas can enter
accommodation or machinery spaces shall be suitably trimmed. Air
conditioning units shall be stopped or operated in a recirculation mode.
Window type air conditioning units shall be electrically disconnected.
(e) The venting of the vessel's tanks shall take place
only through the vessel's fixed venting system.
(f) Sighting and ullage ports when not in use shall be
kept closed. When any are open for operational reasons, the openings shall
be protected by approved gauze flame screens. These screens shall be kept
clean and in good condition. Portable screens should be a good fit.
(g) If for any reason there is poor dispersion which
results in an accumulation of gas on for about the decks of either vessel,
loading shall be stopped or the loading rate into a particular tank or
tanks reduced at the discretion of either the Chevron Mooring Master or the
responsible ship's officer.
Smoking is strictly prohibited while at the berth except in
designated areas which have been jointly approved by the Master and by the
Chevron Mooring Master.
Smoking notices specifying the designated smoking areas shall be exhibited
in conspicuous places on board the vessel. Where smoking is approved on
vessels, approval may be withdrawn by the Chevron Mooring Master is
circumstances so warrant.
3.10 Matches and Lighters
The carrying and use of matches and lighters are prohibited on
board the export tanker while at berth except under controlled
circumstances in the designated smoking areas.
3.11 Portable R/T Sets, Lamps and Hand Lamps
Portable R/T sets, lamps and hand lamps, or other electrical
devices shall not be used unless approved as intrinsically safe. The use of
portable electric lamps and equipment on extension cords or wandering leads
is prohibited in any cargo or adjacent ballast space, pump room, coffer
dam, forecastle, bunker compartment, hold or anywhere over the cargo tanks.
Portable domestic radios, photographic flash equipment, portable electronic
calculators, tape recorders and any other battery powered equipment not
approved as intrinsically safe must not be used on the tank deck area of
either vessel nor in any other place where hazardous vapours may be
3.12 Movement of Tugs, Work boats and Other Craft
During transfer operations no craft shall be allowed alongside
the export vessel unless approval has been given by the Chevron Mooring
Master and agreed by the Master of the export tanker.
3.13 Repair Work
A vessel secured to the Export Buoy shall be maintained in a
state of readiness for vacating the berth under full engines power at short
notice. Therefore, no repairs will be permitted. The testing of any
electrical equipment, is prohibited unless the permission of the Chevron
Mooring Master has been granted. Tank cleaning and gas freeing shall not be
carried out while in berth. Chipping and scraping on the deck or hull will
not be permitted.
3.14 Prevention of Sparking and Excessive Smoke
Soot blowing and excessive smoke are prohibited, and immediate
steps shall be taken to eliminate any sparking from funnels/stacks. All
vessels shall be fitted with stack flame arresters.
3.15 Avoidance of Oil Pollution
During transfer operations all scuppers shall be effectively
plugged, fixed or portable manifold oil containment shall be in place, and
no leakage or spillage of oil or water which can possibly contain oil shall
be allowed to escape overboard. Scupper plugs may be removed to drain off
accumulations of water periodically and replaced immediately after the
water has been run off. Manifold containment should be drained before
transfer operations commence. Any leakage or spillage must be reported
immediately to the Chevron Mooring Master.
Should oil spillage occur during deballasting or loading operations, then
all such operations shall cease immediately and action taken to control and
contain the spillage. Cleaning up operations shall be started immediately,
and loading operations will not be resumed until remedial action has been
completed to the
satisfaction of the Chevron Mooring Master.
No hazardous material shall be thrown overboard, nor shall any other
objectionable material, either solid
or fluid, be thrown overboard from the vessel. This includes plastics,
synthetic propers, plastic garbage
bags, paper products, rags, glass, metal, bottles, crockery, dunnage and
3.16 Galley Stove and Other Cooking Equipment
The use of galley stoves and other cooking equipment shall be
permitted, provided the Master and chevron Mooring Master agree to their
3.17 Transmitting Aerials
When a vessel is on the berth, the main transmitting equipment,
including secondary/emergency transmitters, shall only be used with the
approval of the Chevron Mooring Master. At all times antennas for such
equipment should be grounded. Satellite communications equipment may only
be used with the approval of the Chevron Mooring Master.
3.18 Tank Lids
All cargo tank lids, ullage and sighting ports shall be securely
closed before berthing or unberthing operations commence. During cargo
transfer operations all cargo, ballast and bunker tank lids and tank
washing openings shall be securely closed.
3.19 Unused Connections
All unused cargo and bunker connections shall be properly
blanked, fitted with a gasket and bolted with at least a bolt in every
other hole at the manifold. Stern cargo pipelines (if fitted) shall be
isolated forward of the aft accommodation by blanking or by removal of a
3.20 Sea and Overboard Discharge Valves
On completion of clean ballast discharge, all sea and overboard
valves connected to the cargo or ballast system shall be closed and kept so
throughout the stay of the vessel into the berth. The sealing of said
valves will be performed by the cargo surveyor if appointed to do so. A
careful watch shall also be maintained to ensure that oil does not leak
through the sea and overboard valves.
3.21 Breakdown of Communications
In the event of a total breakdown of radio communications on
either the storage vessel or export vessel during deballasting or cargo
transfer operations, then these operations shall be immediately suspended
and not resumed until satisfactory communications are re-established.
3.22 Emergency Escape
Means for emergency escape shall be provided preferably on the
starboard side of the export tanker.
For security reasons such means are to be stowed at deck level in such a
manner as to be ready for
use in an emergency. Such means shall be of adequate length to reach the
water at all times.
3.23 Radar - Satellite Communications Terminals - Closed Circuit
The use of this equipment for any purpose is prohibited during
the period that the export vessel is in berth, except with the approval of
the Chevron Mooring Master (See 3.17)
3.24 Cargo Tank Venting
IGS venting will be permitted during loading operations, and this
should be done via the IGS vents. For gauging, sampling, etc., controlled
release of inert gas will be permitted if found necessary. (See 3.3)
3.25 Conditions Requiring Immediate Action
Deballasting and cargo transfer operations shall not be started,
or if started, shall be discontinued by either the responsible officer of
the export vessel or the Chevron Mooring Master when any of the following
conditions are noted:
(a) On the approach of and during electrical storms, heavy
rainstorms or periods of high winds, all tank
openings and cargo valves shall be closed and vessel is to be inerted with
IGS plant on line.
(b) If a fire occurs on the storage vessel, the export
vessel or any craft in close proximity.
(c) If there are insufficient competent personnel aboard
the export vessel to safely handle the operation in progress, and to handle
any emergency situation.
(d) If a spill occurs either aboard the vessel or on the
buoy, if cargo hose fails, or serious leaks are encountered at flanges and
(e) If any other emergency situation arises which, in the
opinion of the export vessel's responsible officer or the Chevron
Mooring Master, constitutes a potential hazard to either of the two ships