Trading restrictions imposed against China
Trading restrictions imposed by China
The following is a brief summary of Chinese trade restrictions based on information made available from local sources.
For the purpose of this summary Taiwan, Province of China is referred to as region B, Hong Kong, Special Administrative Region as region C and the remainder of China as region A.
- Vessels flying the flag of / registered in region A are permitted to call region B only if owners obtain a permit in advance from Region B authorities.
- Vessels flying the flag of / registered in region B are permitted to call region A only if owners obtain a permit in advance from Region A authorities.
- Vessels flying the flag of / registered in region B are permitted to trade to region C.
- Vessels registered in region C which fly the People's Republic of China flag directly above the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region flag are permitted to call region B provided such vessels only fly the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region flag upon arrival.
- Owners / operators who are residents of region B are permitted to send vessels to Region A provided they are registered in another country.
- Officers / crew from region A are permitted to enter region B ports provided they are employed on non Chinese vessels.
Such officers / crew flying to Region B for joining ship or going ashore for repatriation must obtain a 'Taiwan Entry Visa' in advance, which requires 2-3 working days to obtain. As to going ashore for medical treatment, it requires 2-3 working hours to obtain a Taiwan Entry Visa.
- Officers / crew from region B are permitted to enter region A ports provided they are employed on non Chinese vessels.
- So-called direct trade is permitted between 63 region A ports and 11 region B ports . However, this trade is limited to vessels flying flags of either region or vessels flying a third country flag but 100% owned by owners of either region.
- Non Chinese registered vessels are permit direct sailing between regions A and B if (i) vessel sails with transit cargo only (without loading any cargo from region A for discharging in region B or visa versa) or (ii) vessel is in ballast (without any cargo on board). Such vessels will be allowed by the Taiwan Port Authorities direct sailing between the regions, provided the ship's handling agents in both regions apply for a 'Direct Sailing Permit' in advance. If either agent fails to obtain the permit the vessel will not be allowed direct sailing.
The following documents are required by the Taiwan Port Authorities for granting 'Direct Sailing Permit'
- Cargo Manifests or Bs/L copies for all transit cargo (or copy of Cargo Fixture Note)
- Ship's Port Rotation (itinerary) Schedule
- Ship's Registry
- Charter Party (signed between ship owners and managements or operators or final charters, if chartered vessel)
In addition to the aforesaid required documents all vessels must be equipped with ASI System (Automatic Ship Identification System)
Non Chinese registered vessels without a 'Direct Sailing Permit' will have call from or sail to said ports via a neutral port such as Okinawa or Ishigaki, Japan or Korean ports, etc. just to obtain a port clearance. With regard to neutral ports, both region A and B have granted region C special status, with the port of Hong Kong being treated as a "neutral port".
- Liner vessels carrying containers / breakbulk cargo exported from region A to region B or vice versa can only be carried by Region A or B flagged vessels and all such vessels must apply for permits in advance. After obtaining permits vessels may directly sail between both regions without having to sail via a neutral port.
- In region B South Korean flagged vessels are banned from loading / discharging cargo(es) which are coming from or destined to Japan, with the exception of non-liner vessels carrying bulk cargo/bulk shipments.