Entrance

The main entrance is N of the N detached breakwater. Depth of 10.7 m (35').

 

Maritime Traffic Regulations for the Turkish Straits

Instructions for implementation 


Introduction
The implementation conditions have been prepared as a guide to explain and detail the implementation of the principles of Maritime Traffic Regulations for the Turkish Straits, by the Traffic Control Centre in charge of the navigation of vessels from Turkish Straits.


Definition

Regulations:

Maritime Traffic Regulations for the Turkish Straits Critical Zones:

 The zones between Kanlica - Vaniköy in the Bosphorous, and between Akbas - Kepez Lighthouse in the Strait of Çanakkale.

Vessels carrying dangerous cargo: Vessels carrying cargo classified by the international agreements as dangerous, including petroleum and its derivatives, and vessels carrying, in packages, or in poured, liquid or gas form; crude petroleum, and/or petroleum products or those that have not been purified of dangerous gases.

 

General Rules

Visual Range:

According to the conditions of the Maritime Traffic Regulations for the Turkish Straits, in cases where the visual conditions do not allow navigation in the straits, the Traffic Control Centre makes announcements to the vessels making sure that they wait at anchor. The hours during which the traffic closed with this reason and the traffic situation are notified to the relevant Port Authority.

Upon the viewing conditions rendering navigation convenient, the Traffic Control Centre allows traffic in the straits, and the opening hour is notified to the relevant Port Authority. The sequence of the waiting vessels to enter the port is planned taking into account their SP-1 and SP-2 report status, and the situations of small vessels affected by meteorological conditions and those vessels that have to pass during day time.

Currents:

The Traffic Control Centre is to comply with the following conditions taking into account the rules with regards to currents within the scope of Maritime Traffic Regulations for the Turkish Straits:

The vessels that cannot reach 4.0 knots of speed against the current in the straits will pass the straits with tugs of sufficient and suitable towing strength, to be determined by the Istanbul Regional Directorate. The vessels that do not comply with this recommendation are kept waiting at anchor until the direction and the strength of the current and the traffic density become suitable for the passage of these vessels.

Those vessels that are allowed for navigation will transit at the farthest starboard lane allowing the passage of the vessels catching vessels.

Speed:

The normal speed in the Straits is 10.0 nm/hour relative to land. This speed may be exceeded if steering way cannot be reached, by informing the traffic control stations and taking care to avoid collisions and creating waves harmful to the environment.

Faster vessels may overtake the proceeded vessel subject to the permission of the Traffic Control Centre. 

 

Navigation Planning:

When the conditions requiring the temporary suspension of maritime traffic specified in the regulations due to visibility being reduced in the Turkish Straits, violent reverse currents, adverse meteorological conditions, and the conditions specified in Article 5 of these regulations, it will be decided to stop the maritime or suspend it temporarily depending on the data to be obtained from the relevant establishments by the Traffic Control Centre, taking also the opinions of the pilot organisation, and the fact that the maritime traffic had been closed/suspended will be notified as soon as possible to the relevant port authorities and other establishments and the vessels. Maritime Traffic will be allowed again upon the ceasing of the conditions causing the traffic to be halted by the Traffic Control Centre, with the opinions of the relevant pilotage organisation. The Traffic Control Centre will plan the sea transit sequences according to the sequence below, and the transit times will be announced to the relevant parties:

- Passenger ships.
- Ro/ro vessels.
- Reefer vessels.
- Vessels carrying live stock.
- Special-built vessels.
- Small dry load vessels.
- Big dry load vessels.
- Small vessels carrying hazardous cargo.
- Large vessels carrying hazardous cargo.

Vessels smaller than 300.0 m and requiring special transit conditions may transit via a separate planning by the Traffic Control Centre.

The transit priorities of the vessels in above will be established according to the sequence of the Sailing Plan-1 (SP-1) and Sailing Plan-2 (SP-2) taking into account the requests of the pilot and the tugs.

Establishing Additional Navigation Rules In The Turkish Straits:

The Administration (the Undersecretariat for Maritime Affairs) exercises its power to stipulate additional rules necessary for the vessels with navigation difficulties through the Turkish Straits (Strait of Istanbul, Marmara Sea, Strait of Çanakkale), taking the opinions of the Çanakkale Regional Directorate and the directorates reporting to it, and the pilot organisation.

The vessels/escorts that will be subject to additional rules for a secure strait transit:

- Vessels of LOA 300.0 m or more that will be transiting the Turkish Straits.
- The towage transits and the total towing length of which is 150.0 m or more.
- Vessels transiting the Straits under breakdown.
- Vessels that experience breakdown and are being repaired while in the Straits.
- Vessels that encounter accidents while in the straits (collisions, running aground, fires, etc.) (Both for salvage operation, and in cases of self-salvage).
- The vessels that plan to transit the straits although they cannot reach 6 miles of speed relative to the ground across the current
- The vessels with an airdraft of 54.0-58.0 m.

The vessels/escorts specified above and similar vessels/escorts which may require the implementation of special rules in strait transits make written applications to the Istanbul/Çanakkale Regional Directorates for their Istanbul and Çanakkale Strait transits, at the planning stage of their navigation through their agencies, including all data concerning the navigation and technical issues. The additional rules concerning the strait transit of the mentioned vessels/escorts are established in writing and signed according to the report that will be prepared following the survey to be carried out by the authorities of the Istanbul/Çanakkale Regional Directorates Vessel Survey Board, by a committee consisting of an expert from the Istanbul/Çanakkale Regional Directorates Vessel Survey Board, Istanbul/ Çanakkale Traffic Control Centre Supervisor/Maritime Traffic Head Pilot, and a Head Pilot from the Turkish Maritime Organisation. If the transit will take place from both straits, the rules of this transit are established by the Istanbul Regional Directorate in such a way as to cover both straits.

For the strait transits of vessels with escorts smaller than a total towing length of 150.0 m, the agencies apply to the Istanbul/Çanakkale Maritime Traffic Control Centres with the SP-1 report, during the planning stage of the navigation. Istanbul and Çanakkale Traffic Control Centres / Maritime Traffic Head Pilots establish the Straits crossing additional rules in cooperation with the head Pilot of the Turkish Maritime Organisation, and notify to the relevant parties.


Towing Operations:

Towing in the Istanbul and Çanakkale Straits will take place with a pilot, and during day time.

If the total length of towing is 150.0 meters or more, the towing rope has to be at least 50. m, and if it is less than 150.0 m, the towing rope has to be at least 25.0 m.

If there are no tugs to escort the towing, the technical characteristics of the vessel/tower vessel and the total towing length will be taken into consideration, and the Istanbul/Çanakkale Regional Directorate and the relevant Maritime Traffic Control Centre will allocate a tug.

More than one vessel/tug may not be towed with one tug and transited through the Turkish Straits. The tugs have to be separated from each other, and every tug will be allocated a tug of sufficient towing strength by the Istanbul/Çanakkale Regional Directorate and the relevant Maritime Traffic Control Centre, and separate Strait transits will be planned according to the planning made.

The towing vessel transits will be planned in such a way as not to disrupt the normal vessel traffic.

The transits from the Istanbul and Çanakkale Straits via pushing or from the board are subject to special permission from the Istanbul/Çanakkale Regional Directorates. During the transit, coordination will be ensured with the Traffic Control Centre, the relevant port authority, and other units.

The tug allocation situation in the towing transits from the Istanbul and Çanakkale Straits will be as follows unless instructed otherwise:


Total towing length:

- minimum one (1) tug of 1,100 HP for those smaller than 100.0 m.

- minimum one (1) tug of 2,500 HP for those between 100.0-150.0 m.

- minimum one (1) tug of 4,000 HP for those between 150.0-200.0 m.

- minimum one (1) tug of 2,500 HP and one (1) tug of 4,000 HP, total two (2) tugs for those between 200.0 250.0 m.

- minimum two (2) tugs of 4,000 HP for those longer than 250.0 m.

will be allocated as escort/towing.


When needed, the strength and number of tugs may be increased in coordination with the relevant pilotage organisation, and taking into account the length, physical situation, draught and the mast height, meteorological conditions, current, etc. values.

 
Depending on the conditions of the pilotage services that will be given by the pilots, and informing the Traffic Control Centres as well, when needed, the length of the towing rope may be changed, and the allocated tugs may also be used for towing purposes.

 Vessels That Lose Their Technical Proficiencies/ Seaworthiness:

 
The vessels that lose their technical proficiencies and/or seaworthiness before entering the Turkish Straits as specified in the Regulations in Article 5, according to the report that will be prepared after the survey to be carried out by the authorities of the Istanbul/Çanakkale Regional Directorates Vessel Survey Board, a committee consisting of an expert from the Istanbul/Çanakkale Regional Directorates Vessel Survey Board, Istanbul/ Çanakkale Traffic Control Centre Supervisor/Maritime Traffic Head Pilot, and a Head Pilot from the Turkish Maritime Organisation establish the rules of the transit to enable the Strait transits.


As for the vessels experiencing breakdowns within the Straits, in order to enable safe navigation, according to the report that will be prepared after the survey to be carried out by the authorities of the Istanbul/Çanakkale Regional Directorates Vessel Survey Board, a committee consisting of an expert from the Istanbul/Çanakkale Regional Directorates Vessel Survey Board, Istanbul/ Çanakkale Traffic Control Centre Supervisor/Maritime Traffic Head Pilot, and a Head Pilot from the Turkish Maritime Organisation establish the rules of the transit to enable the Strait transits.

 

As for the vessels in accident in the straits (collisions, running around, etc.), with a committee consisting of an expert from the Istanbul/Çanakkale Regional Directorates Vessel Survey Board, Istanbul/ Çanakkale Traffic Control Centre Supervisor/Maritime Traffic Head Pilot, and a Head Pilot from the Turkish Maritime Organisation establish the rules of the transit to enable the Strait transits, using the class committee report on the vessels.

 

Transit of Total Towing Length of 300.0 m or Longer & Towing Navigation for Vessels 300.0 m or Longer:

 

The transits of vessels 300.0 m or longer, and those with a total towing length of 300.0 m or longer are dangerous for navigation, for the safety of life, property and the environments, as the navigation of the mentioned vessels will be rendered difficult, and even impossible taking into account the physical and morphological condition of the Straits, and the narrow zones, and currents; considering the waiting vessels as well.

 

In order to enable the Administration to make the necessary assessments for the Straits transits of such vessels and to take the relevant measures, the agencies and owners and the operators of such vessels have to apply to the Istanbul Regional Directorates at the navigation planning stage.

 

Vessels Leaving A Port, Berth or Anchorage Within The Straits:

 

Before getting underway from a port, berth or anchorage area within the Straits, immediate notification will be made to the Traffic Control Centre. Coordination will be provided with the Maritime Head Pilot and the Head Pilot at the Pilotage Station and the Pilot of the Vessel concerning the strait traffic density, and if the traffic of the straits does not require and urgency, such vessels will be given priority. Getting underway without receiving information from the relevant Traffic Control Centre is prohibited.

 

Vessels With Dangerous Cargo

 

Regardless of their lengths, the agencies/relevant persons of the vessels carrying IMO1 type of explosives and IMO1 and IMO2 types of chemical materials and transiting the straits have to notify the Traffic Control Centre and submit their SP 1 report at least 48 hours before entering the Straits. The transit of the vessels that arrive at the Straits without notifying will be permitted if the traffic conditions are suitable, in cases where there are no other vessels with dangerous cargo, and the names of these vessels will be notified to the relevant port authority. The port authorities will make sure that the pilots of such vessels are warned in writing by the agencies/persons in charge.

 

No vessels carrying LPG, LNG, and explosives are accepted on the reverse direction of a vessel with dangerous cargo.

Vessels with chemical cargo can be regarded as vessels with dangerous cargo.

Passenger Ships.

 

In situations when the Straits are closed for the transit of long/dangerous vessels, the transits of passenger ships with pilots on board will be allowed in a controlled manner, provided that the transits are coordinated with the pilot on board.

 

During these transits, it will be planned by the Traffic Control Centre that the passenger ships do not meet long/dangerous vessels between Vaniköy. Kanlica in the Strait of Istanbul and between Kepez . Akbas in the Strait of Çanakkale. 

 

Vessels Smaller Than 50.0 m with Petroleum/Petroleum Products (Bunkers):

 

Such bunkers may be allowed in the straits based on the planning of the shift supervisor taking into account the sea/air conditions, traffic situation, the speeds of the bunkers and other factors.

 

Temporary Suspension of Traffic:

 

Except for obligatory situations, in order to transit vessels longer than 200 m, and with dangerous cargo and towing vessels of 200.0 m length for the Strait of Istanbul and 250.0 m or more for the Çanakkale Straits, closing Istanbul and Çanakkale Straits to traffic will be on the north-south direction and south-north direction once, during daytime.

 

Intervention With Vessels In Case Of Emergency:

 

For vessels that are assessed to be in an emergency within the straits, where it is deemed that delays will cause an irreversible threat for navigational, life, property, and environmental safety, salvage tug(s) will be sent immediately regards of a request by the vessel. This assessment will be made by the Traffic Control Centre. The requests of the Traffic Control Centre concerning the tug(s) will be carried out immediately without asking/investigating whether the mentioned vessel needs a tug or not.

 

Notification Of The Sp-1 Report:

 

In the SP-1 Report, Article Q, the owner or the agencies will include the most recent data received from the vessel, concerning the technical sufficiency stipulated in Article 5 of the regulations

 

1. The date the vessel is built, and that the measures concerning the technical sufficiency have been taken.

 

2. Form A of the last Port State Control Report.

 

3. SP-1 Report Article X will contain.

 

4. P&I Club Insurance Policy Number and the Expiry Date.

 

5. Name and Tax Number of the Agency of the Vessel.

 

In the SP-1 Report, the certificate showing that the Lighthouse Taxes and the Salvage Fees; and the Sanitary Taxi and the Pilotage and Tug Service Charges, if any, have been paid to the relevant authority will be included by the operator or the agency of the vessel and, it will be submitted with stamp and signature. 

 

Sportive Activities In Turkish Straits:

 

During sailing, rowing and swimming competitions for purposes of sports permitted by the Undersecretariat for Maritime Affairs, the Traffic Control Centre will take the required measures taking into account the safety of navigation.

 

R. Ban On Environmental Pollution

 

Vessels with dangerous loads transiting from the Turkish Straits and the vessels of 500.0 GT weight and heavier will comply with the following:

In case of an accident, all expenses for vessel salvage, taking out and removal of the shipwreck, and the environmental damages are to be reimbursed.

The damages that a vessel waiting or moving causes through collision with the port, pier, quay, breakwater or any other object will be reimbursed.

The number and expiry date of the club insurance policy covering the payment of the compensations for the damages concerning the deaths or injuries of third parties other than sailors will be specified in the SP-1 report,, and the copies of the policies will be submitted to the Traffic Control Centre via their agencies. The vessels that do not have club insurance policies bearing such conditions and the vessels that cannot submit their environmental safety certificates as stipulated by international contracts will not be included in transit planning.

 

4. Istanbul Strait Navigation Conditions

 Vessels between 250.0-300.0 m carrying dangerous cargo.

Transit through the strait is done during daytime. 

The strait is closed to traffic from the reverse direction. 

After a southbound vessel with dangerous cargo passes the Bosphorous Bridge and a northbound vessel passes the Hamsiburnu-Filburnu like, another vessel of 150.0 m and longer with dangerous cargo may be accepted to the strait on the same direction, in coordination with the head pilot/pilot. 

All vessels meeting these conditions are subject to the same applications regardless of whether they are full or empty. 

Following the long (250.0 m or longer) vessels with dangerous cargo arriving at 10 miles distance to the North and South entrances of the Istanbul Strait, the traffic will be closed for one direction transit. 

It is strongly recommended to the vessels to take a pilot during the strait transit, and with the escort of one tug of at least 4000 HP. for the protection of life, property, and environment. 

Vessels between 200.0-250.0 m Carrying Dangerous Cargo

Transit through the strait is done during daytime.

It is ensured that they do not meet other vessels between Kanlica . Vaniköy which is a critical zone; and the Kandilli Traffic Control Station is warned to this end. 

Vessels from the other direction up to 150.0 m without dangerous cargo may be accepted provided that they are at the farthest starboard lane, and that their speed within the strait is not below 5.0 knots relative to the ground. 

No vessel with dangerous cargo is accepted from the opposite direction. 

After a southbound vessel with dangerous cargo passes the Bosphorous Bridge and a northbound vessel passes the Hamsiburnu-Filburunu like, another vessel of 150.0 m and longer with dangerous cargo may be accepted to the strait on the same direction, in coordination with the head pilot/pilot. 

Vessels between 150.0-200.0 m Carrying Dangerous Cargo

It is ensured that they do not meet other vessels between Kanlica and Vaniköy.

No vessel of 100.0 m length or longer, with dangerous cargo is accepted from the opposite direction. 

After a southbound vessel with dangerous cargo passes the Bosphorous Bridge and a northbound vessel passes the Hamsiburnu-Filburunu like, another vessel of 150.0 m and longer with dangerous cargo may be accepted to the strait on the same direction, in coordination with the head pilot/pilot. 

No vessels carrying LPG, LNG, and explosives are accepted from the opposite direction, regardless of their length. 

Vessels between 100.0-150.0 m carrying dangerous cargo.

No vessel of 150.0 m length or longer, with dangerous cargo is accepted from the opposite direction.

It is ensured that they do not meet other vessels of 150.0 m length or longer, between Kanlica and Vaniköy .

No vessels carrying LPG, LNG, and explosives are accepted from the opposite direction, regardless of their length. 

Vessels smaller than 100.0 m carrying dangerous cargo.

Transit is allowed with the permission of the Istanbul Traffic Control Centre Directorate/Ahirkapi Shift Supervisor, being subject to the control and inspection of Ahirkapi, Türkeli, and Kandilli Traffic Control Centres.  

Vessels between 150.0-300.0 m.

No vessel of 200.0 m length or longer, with dangerous cargo is accepted from the opposite direction.

It is ensured that they do not meet other vessels of 150.0 m length or longer, between Kanlica . Vaniköy, and any vessels carrying LPG, LNG, and explosives, regardless of their length. 

Vessels smaller than 150.0 m.

There are no additional conditions. 

5. Strait Of Canakkale Navigation Conditions

Vessels with LOA over 200.0 m can pass the strait only during daytime.

Traffic Control Centre will make the necessary planning so that these vessels do not meet between Kepez Akbas Lighthouses.

In one-way transit provided that they are at the farthest starboard lane, and that their speed within the strait is not below 5.0 knots relative to the ground, vessels small than 100.0 m are allowed to navigate provided that they do no meet vessels of 200.0 m length or longer, with dangerous cargo, between Kepez - Akbas. In this case, the Traffic Control Centre will ensure coordination with the Head Pilot.

Vessels between 250.0-300.0 m with Dangerous Cargo

The strait is closed to traffic from the reverse direction.

During the southbound and the northbound transits of vessels of 250.0 m length or longer, with dangerous cargo, upon their leaving the Nara region, another vessel of 200.0 m length or longer, with dangerous cargo may be accepted in the strait in the same direction.

While a vessel of 250.0 m length or longer, with dangerous cargo is navigating in the strait, another vessel of 150.0 meters and longer with dangerous cargo may not be accepted to the strait on the opposite direction.

Such vessel may not overtake another vessel or be overtaken by another vessel between Kepez - Akbas, and will not meet with a vessel of 100.0 m length or longer.

It is strongly recommended to the vessels to take a pilot during the strait transit, and with the escort of one tug of at least 2,500 HP. 

Vessels between 200.0-250.0 m with Dangerous Cargo

During the southbound and the northbound transits of vessels of 200.0 m length or longer, with dangerous cargo, upon their leaving the Nara region, another vessel of 200 m length or longer, with dangerous cargo may be accepted in the strait in the same direction.

While a vessel of 200.0 m length or longer, with dangerous cargo is navigating in the strait, another vessel of 150.0 m and longer with dangerous cargo may not be accepted to the strait on the opposite direction.

Such vessel may not overtake another vessel or be overtaken by another vessel between Kepez - Akbas, and will not meet with a vessel of 100 m length or longer. 

Vessels between 150.0-200.0 m with Dangerous Cargo

 During the southbound and the northbound transits of vessels of 150.0 m length or longer, with dangerous cargo, upon their leaving the Nara region, another vessel of 200.0 m length or longer, with dangerous cargo may be accepted in the strait in the same direction.

Such vessel may not overtake another vessel or be overtaken by another vessel between Kepez - Akbas, and will not meet with a vessel of 100.0 m length or longer.

No vessel of 150.0 m length or longer, with dangerous cargo is accepted to the strait from the opposite direction. 

Vessels smaller than 150.0 m with Dangerous Cargo

During the southbound and the northbound transits of vessels smaller than 150.0 m, with dangerous cargo, upon their leaving the Nara region, another vessel of 200.0 m length or longer, with dangerous cargo may be accepted in the strait in the same direction. 

Vessels between 200.0-300.0 m without Dangerous Cargo

During the southbound and the northbound transits of vessels smaller than 150.0 m, without dangerous cargo, upon their leaving the Nara region, another vessel of 200.0 m length or longer, with dangerous cargo may be accepted in the strait in the same direction.

No vessel of 200.0 m length or longer, with dangerous cargo is accepted to the strait from the opposite direction. 

Vessels Longer than 150.0 m

Such vessel may not overtake another vessel or be overtaken by another vessel between Kepez . Akbas, and will not meet with a vessel of 100.0 m length or longer. 

Chartered Natural Gas Vessels with Contracts

They will transit the straits during daytime, and under pilotage.

Two (2) tugs of at least 30.0 t towing capacity will escort the natural gas vessels, and the strait traffic will be closed on both directions.

At 3 miles forward, there will be escort boats.

In such vessel transits, chartered ro/ro's, containers without dangerous cargo, and passenger ships may be accepted from the opposite direction, after the critical zone is passed, and provided that they are under pilotage.

After such vessels, vessels in the same direction may be accepted with 20 miles distance behind them.

Ferryboat journeys and other journeys mat be arranged, provided that they do not approach closer than 0.5 miles.  

Additions to the SP-1 Forms

 

Item Q:

1/ Vessel’s building date and confirmation of technical sufficiency as per regulations

 

2/ ‘Form A’ report (issued by last PSC) to be attached to SP-1

Item X:

 

1/ P&I insurance policy number and validity date

 

2/ Agent’s name and tax identification.

 

The pilot on board the vessel has full authority to employ escort tug boat(s) if he thinks the vessel is not seaworthy and is endangering the traffic through the Turkish Straits, whether the master of vessel requires it or not.

 

All the dues are to be paid in advance.  

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