Compulsory crane charges are applicable at all berths with the exception of vessels of less than 100 meters LOA berthing at Berth No. 8. and are levied on the vessel.
Vessels carrying 500 tons or more are required to utilise one port crane. Vessels carrying more than 1,500 tons in two or more holds are required to utilise two port cranes. Vessels carrying more than 1,000 tons in one hold only are subjected to a 100% crane surcharge. The basic cost of these cranes is presently set at USD 70.00 per hour.
It is the prerogative of any authority to make its own regulations, but BIMCO is of the opinion that the deciding factor should be the contract between the parties, and the name of the charge (compulsory crane charges) indicates that it is so closely connected with cargo operations that it should be absorbed by the party responsible for cargo operations. However, a clear stipulation in the charter party is recommended in order to avoid disputes.
Unexpected expenses and fines can arise related to shifting and arrival draft , in addition to allowed time for discharging.
Owners may be charged with the shifting charges relating to other vessels at the port which are moved to accommodate arriving vessels. Sources advise:
"... being an old and existing regulation of Hodeidah port that in order to berth/accommodate a vessel at the quay, when shifting of other vessels on the berth is required, the shifting expenses of other vessels will always be for the account of the benefiting vessel."
For vessels arriving at Hodeidah the "permissible" arrival draft is 32 feet (salt water). In cases where the vessels' arrival draft exceeds 32 feet, a fine of USD 3,000.00 will be levied for every inch over 32 feet.
Vessel arrests stemming from cargo claims are common at Hodeidah. Owners are well advised to appoint their own surveyors to be in attendance on board from commencement of discharge until completion as an additional safeguard against any inflated claims from cargo interests.
Vessels can be fined when exceeding the time "allowed" for discharging which is set by the port authorities according to the type of commodity and cargo gear/shore cranes. The fines are levied on the vessel at a rate per LOA per hour, which is presently about USD0.25. Furthermore, should a vessel exceed the time allowed the authorities are empowered to have her moved from the berth.
As the berthing penalty is defined as a fine it is BIMCO's opinion that it is debatable whether it can be considered to be an ordinary part of the normal disbursements. The more so since the fine is imposed if laytime allowed is exceeded which, under F.I.O. terms would mean that if the charterers/receivers for some reason delay the vessel, then the owners would have to pay a fine on top of the excess port charges incurred because of the vessel's prolonged stay.