• 1. Ballast Water

Ballast Water

Directorate Resolution No. 0178-96 DGC, dated 10 July, 1996 by means of which the Directorate General of Harbour Master's Office and Coast Guard considers that it is convenient to establish rules for the purpose of preventing the uncontrolled discharge from ships of ballast water that might contain prejudicial aquatical organisms, bacteria's and viruses that could transmit sickness coming from other regions of the world, minimising the risk of their transfer in waters and coastal areas of Peru and, in this way, protecting Human Life, ichthylogical riches, agriculture and places of recreation, as well as the conservation and maintenance of the coastal bio diversity.

In the same way, the International Maritime Organisation (IMO) issued Resolution A-774 (XV111), which contains directives to impede the introduction of aquatical organisms and undesirable pathogenic agents that ballast water sediments discharged from the ship may contain.

In this respect this Maritime Authority advises you that, in accordance with what is established in the aforementioned Directorate Resolution, you must bring this to knowledge of the ships you represent that, as from this date they must comply with the following dispositions:

1. All ships coming directly from abroad and carrying sea water as ballast must renew it at least once, at a minimum distance of 12 nautical miles from the Peruvian Coast.

2. The operation of renewing the ballast water must be registered in the deck and Engine-room Logbooks with the following information:

- Place of the operation, indicating the geographical coordinates
- Volume discharged, quantity of water replaced, indicating percentage of the total capacity it represents.
- Date and time of the operation of renewing the ballast water.

3. In those cases in which the ship cannot prove, by means of her Deck and Engine-room Logbooks, that she carried out the ballasting operation, before deballasting in port she must add to her ballast tanks 10 grammes of Sodium Hypochlorite, in powder form or 14 grammes of Calcium Hypochlorite per tonne of ballast water, ensuring that it mixes with the contents of the tanks, 24 hours being allowed to lapse before the discharge in port of the ballast water is started.

4. When due to climatic conditions, the state of the sea or the lack of visibility, the Captain of a ship cannot comply with these rules, he must inform this Maritime Authority as soon as possible, before the ship enters port.

5.- Harbour Master as competent maritime authority of the straight state of the Port will carry out the control inspections that they will consider convenient to guarantee the fulfillment of the present Resolution and will be able to take samples of ballast water for its corresponding analysis.

6. The Ship Agencies will be responsible for making the contents of this circular known to the ships they represent, with due notice, prior to her entering Peruvian waters.

7. Non-compliance with what is set out in the preceeding paragraphs will be punished administratively in accordance with what is established in the Regulations for Harbour Masters' Offices and Maritime, River and Lake Activities.

Oil Pollution
It is forbidden to discharge ballast tanks or tank residues with oily water whilst in port or off the Peruvian Coast. The discharge at sea of any other oily waste, etc., is strictly in accordance with International Agreements, and there are fines and infringement issued for non-compliance.

Discharge of oil or oily water for the Safety of Ships, or other vessels or for the Saving of Live at Sea, or though a leak that cannot be repaired, may be exempted. All ships must keep an Oil Record Book covering every loading, discharge or escape of oil. If not up to date the ship is liable to a fine

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