Effective 1 January 2012
CNY per NRT
CNY per NRT
Vessels registered in the following countries are charged at the "Preferential Rates":
||Greece (Note 2)
||Pakistan (Note 2)
||Serbia & Montenegro
|China (Note 1)
||Korea, Republic of
|Congo, Dem. Rep. of
||Sri Lanka (Note 2)
||Liberia -Effective 14 February 2016
||Myanmar, Union of
- Includes vessels under Hong Kong, SAR and Macau, SAR. Vessels controlled by Chinese owners under joint venture are also charged at the Preferential rates.
- It is also required that the vessel is operated (Time Charter or Bareboat) by a company registered in one of the countries listed above.
- Changing flag.
If a preferential flagged vessel changes flag to another preferential flag it's Tonnage Dues Certificate will remain valid and no extra charges will be levied. However, owners will be required to provide authentic evidence that the vessel is the same. If a preferential flagged vessel changes flag to a non-preferential flagged vessel then it will be liable for the extra charges.
- The above tonnage dues certificates are not valid in Taiwan, Province of China.
The Chinese tally regulations are not explicit. However, in practice, tally at Chinese ports is "unavoidable" and can be considered as being essentially the same as "compulsory".
It is BIMCO's opinion that liability for cost of compulsory tally under an F.I.O. terms charter party is for charterers as being an inseparable and unavoidable part of cargo operations in the particular port. This view is supported by several arbitration awards.
Harbour dues on vessel are fixed at CNY 0.71 per NT per call.
Port handling charge
All export cargoes are subject to an additional port handling charge based on the quantity of cargo loaded. Sources advise that the charge is levied to the exporters and should not be included in the disbursements of foreign vessels.
Changjiang river maintenance fees
The Changjiang River maintenance fees (aka Changjiang waterway maintenance dues) came into force as from 1 February 1996 and are levied on all ocean-going vessels for each entry or exit from the Changjiang river. The current rates are as follows:
||CNY per NRT or KW
(whichever is greater)
|Wusongkou - Nantong
|Wusongkou - Zhangjiagang
|Wusongkou - Jiangyin
|Wusongkou - Gaogang
|Wusongkou - Zhenjiang
|Wusongkou - Yangzhou
|Wusongkou - Nanjing
|Wusongkou - Maanshan
|Wusongkou - Wuhu
|Wusongkou - Tongling
|Wusongkou - Chizhou
|Wusongkou - Anqing
|Wusongkou - Jiujiang
|Wusongkou - Hankou
|Wusongkou - Huangshi
|Wusongkou - Wuhan
|Wusongkou - Chenglingji
If a vessel calls at two or more ports along the Changjiang river during a single voyage, the rate for the furthest port shall be applied. For unlisted ports, the rate for the nearest port in the upper stream shall be applied.
With the exception of Shanghai, towage is charged per tug H.P. per hour in accordance with Article 18 of the "regulations of port dues and charges (for international trade)".
At the port of Shanghai towage is charged on a lumpsum basis according to vessel's LOA as follows:
Basic tariff for towage effective since 1 January 2000. All rates in CNY
|Vessel's LOA (meters)
||> 180 <= 220
||> 155 <= 180
||> 122 <= 155
||=> 95 <=122
Area I Port area, terminals or buoys within B1-86 buoys
Area II S buoy, Gaoqiao, Shanglianchang, Lifengchang, Shahangzhan
Area III Jungonglu, Zhanghuabang, Guangang, Wujing
Area IV Baoshan, Waigaoqiao, Wusong temporary anchorage, Minhang
Area V Luojing
The lumpsum rates are only applicable to those vessels which call at Shanghai just for loading / discharging, not for other purposes such as repairing. Such lumpsum rates are collected on the basis of per ship (inward/shifting/outward) , covering surcharges for night shift, holidays, and near- sea routes.
Superintendence fees are generally levied against the vessel, with rates varying from port to port. They are sometimes referred to as "superintendence fee for handling dangerous cargoes at anchorage". Sources advise that the fee is normally paid to the Harbour Superintendent Bureau, although in some cases the local customs authority is also involved. Furthermore, the fee is only levied when tankers are conducting ship to ship lighterage/discharging operations at anchorage. References to 'dangerous cargo' are mainly with respect to liquid chemicals and/or various petroleum products.
Below is a listing of the known means of calculation by port:
- Guangzhou / Huangpu: No fixed rate. Based on cargo quantity and subject to negotiation.
- Huizhou, Xiamen: Fixed rate per ton cargo.
- Maoming / Shuidong, Ningbo, Zhuhai: Fixed rate per tank.
- Shantou: On a scale according to cargo quantity.
- Wenzhou: Here, the practice is that the receiver pays the fee, setting the amount during negotiations with the port's Harbour Superintendent Bureau.
- Zhanjiang: Fixed rate per day to Harbour Superintendent Bureau.
Extra launch hire charges, in connection with such superintendence, are also incurred at some ports.
Quick Dispatch Agreement (QDA)
Congestion at Chinese ports can lead to serious berthing delays. It is possible to obtain a Quick Dispatch Agreement (QDA) from the port authorities in order to reduce vessels' waiting time. Reportedly, many companies offer the service of acquiring QDA's on behalf of vessel owners. Caution is advisable when obtaining QDA's as cases have been reported in which some companies have overcharged for this service, and have prepared fraudulent QDA's.
In several ports foreign vessels must sign QDA's prior to berthing, even in the absence of port congestion. The port of Shanghai has issued a bulletin confirming that this policy is locally enforced.
Agency fees throughout China are subject to negotiation.
Sources have explained all international shipping service (both cargo and passengers carriage) are eligible for VAT zero rate provided that the service providers have acquired the international shipping business licenses issued by the China Ministry of Transport.
A Value Added Tax of 6% is levied for port & terminal service which is listed under the scope of logistics supplementary service, as a part of advanced service business. Its applicable scope covers the following taxed service: harbour control, vessel telecommunication, fairway dredging, beacon maintenance, navigational aids maintenance, vessel pilot, tally, mooring/unmooring, shifting, oil spillage clearance, waterway transportation management, vessel cleaning, fumigation testing and anti-pollution, and security service for port facilities.
Sources advise that from a practical point of view, obtaining refunds of the VAT is not possible.