China excluding the islands of Kinmen, Matsu, Penghu, Taiwan and Hong Kong, SAR
has no special regulations concerning Ballast Water Management.
However, the following is an extract of the Regulations Concerning the Prevention of Pollution of Seas from Vessels which are in force:
For the purpose of safety of pilotage and berthing and prevention of pollution of sea areas, all tankers entering the ports in ballast must each keep a ballast water of not less than one fourth of their respective deadweight capacities. Failing which, the tankers concerned shall be subject to the investigation of the Harbour Superintendency Administration according to the circumstances of the case.
Oily water discharged from vessels according to Article 19 hereof must meet the following requirements:
1 Under normal conditions
a the oily water should be discharged into the designated area;
b when the vessel is proceeding en route, the instaneus rate of discharge of oil content should not exceed 60
litres per nautical mile;
c the content of the oily water should be less than 15 ppm;
d the vessel's oil water separating equipment, filtering system and oil discharge monitoring and control
system should be in normal working condition.
3 Oil tankers of 150 tons gross tonnage and above discharging ballast of cleaning water from tanks must meet the requirements under items b and d of 1 above, and the following conditions:
a the discharge should be carried out beyond 50 nautical miles from the nearest land;
b for existing tankers, the total quantity of oil discharged into the sea should not exceed 1/15,000 of the total quantity of the particular cargo of which the residue formed a part, and for new tankers, 1/30,000 of the total quantity of the particular cargo of which the residue formed a part.
Vessels with ballast water taken from epidemic ports should apply to the Quarantine Authorities for treatment. Furthermore, sea ballast water it normally not allowed to be discharged at river ports.
At present Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China does not have regulations presently in force for the control and management of ship's ballast water. However, masters and operators of Hong Kong registered ships were advised by the Hong Kong Merchant Shipping Information Note issued by Hong Kong Marine Department in 1998 to adopt the operational procedures and preventive measures set out in the IMO Guidelines for the Control and Management of Ships' Ballast Water to Minimize the Transfer of Harmful Aquatic Organisms and Pathogen.