Cargo Handling Facilities

General Cargo:
There are 22 sheds totalling 316,536 m3 of warehousing space. General cargo facilities consists of 20 quayside mobile electrically-driven cranes: 3 x 1.5 t, 6 x 3.2 t, 4 x 6.0 t, 4 x 12 t, 1 x 30 t, 1 x 32 t, 1 x 16 t. One heavy lift automotive crane with 36 t capacity. One self propelled floating crane with 100 t capacity and 66 forklift trucks. General cargoes are loaded at an average of 350 t per day per gang.

NOTE: Reportedly the floating crane was severely damaged during heavy weather in November, 1996.


Containers:
They are discharged by ship's gear to trailers and taken to the yard behind shed no. 5 where two 30 t side-loaders can handle them. Most container ships are berthed at shed No. 14. Empty containers are stuffed with bags of coffee for export. Container traffic is increasing, nearly 150,000 TEUs were handled in 1993 and 2 container cranes each of 30 t capacity are to be installed. Equipment already includes 2 container bridge cranes. Furthermore, the Port Administration is presently developing the works at the new container yard, which is expected to be concluded by the end of 1995. It is expected to become the larges container terminal in South America.


NOTE:
The port used to have a container gantry crane - however, it was completely damaged during a sudden heavy gales on the 16 November, 1996.


Fertilizers:
Discharged in bulk by cranes delivering through hoppers direct to trucks alongside or to openings in the roof of shed no.10/11 - large clamshell grabs are used. The discharge rate is 1,500/2,000 t per day with 4 gangs.


Coffee:
Shipments are not so important as formerly. The loading rate is fixed by the port at not less than 400 bags per hour (about 25 t), bags are also stuffed into empty containers.


Refrigerated cargoes:
Shed nos. 4 and 5 are now cold stores for frozen chickens in cartons for export. The loading rate is 150/200 t per day per gang.


Paraguayan ''free zone'':
Shed no. 9A is under Paraguayan control for imports and exports as well as 2 horizontal silos plus 4 vertical silos constructed for Paraguayan bulk grain (capacity 160,000 t soya beans) connected to the ''corridor'' berths for loading.


Ro-Ro:
There is a specialized terminal to handle ro-ro cargo, located at the shed No. 9 at the commercial quay. This berth is also used for general cargoes and fertilizer dischargers, when there is no ro-ro scheduled. However, the priority is for ro-ro vessels.

Bulk Cargo:
The Eastern section of the whole complex for bulk loading operations is called the Export Corridor. Conveyor belts, weighing, storage and loading are fully automated.


Port installations for handling grain and by products:
The port is well equipped for handling grain and its by-products-pellets, meals and oils. Below is an indication of the equipment for loading grain. But there is also equipment suckers and clamshell grabs for the discharge of grain and by-products.


Bulk loading berth:

Berth:   Shed No. 
Capacity
Belt Span
Ship Loader
Reach
Air Draft
Load Rate P/H
Draft BW
Vertical Silo Port 01
40,000
135
2
19
15.5
250/750
35
Leased to
Soceppar
Private)
01
102,000
100
2
25
17
250/750
35


Observation:
When loading down to maximum draft fenders of 3 HTS wide are place between Quay and vessel over 35 feet. All kinds of pellets are loaded. Loading rate per day 5.000/7.00 tons trimming machine can be used if vessel equipped with gear.

Berth:  
Shed No.
Capacity
Belt Span
Ship Loader
Reach
Air Draft
Load Rate P/H
Draft BW
Sambra
(Private)
l6/7
75.000
163
1
21
16.5
500
31

Observation:
Only Sambra pellets is loaded through this berth. Daily load rate is 8/10.000 tons on 31 feet - fenders of 9 mts are placed. Trimming machine can be used.

Berth 
Shed No.
Capacity
Belt span
Ship Loader
Loader
Draft
Rate P/H
Draft BW
Cargil
(Private)
12
75.000
165
1
25
15.5
600
37


Observation:
Load via Corridor facilities. No trimming machine can be used.
Berth 
Shed No.
Capacity 
Belt Span
Ship Loader
Reach
Air Draft
Load Rate P/H
Draft BW
Corridor
Berth:
               
Horizontal  
55.000
       
1000
 
Vertical  
100.000
155
4
25
15.5
1300
37
Cotriguacu
12/13
140.000
       
1100
 
Paraguay  
166.000
       
1200
 
Coamo  
70.000
       
1000
 
Centrosul  
66.000
       
1000
 

Observation:
When 02 shiploaders are loading simultaneously rate of 2.000/2.400 per hour can be achieved. Fenders of 5 mts wide are placed permanently. No trimming machine can be used. Eventually the port administration permit shippers to employ buldozers to trim the cargo, provided the use of the bulldozers do not interfer in the loading rate.

Loading of Vegetable Oil
Inflamable Pier  
Capacity
Load Rate per hour
Draft feet 
DIBAL
90.000
500 Internal Pier - 26 feet
      External Pier - 35 feet

Observation:
Max LOA internal pier 185 mts berthing with day light and tide is advisable. External pier exclusive for Petrobras vessels. However, permission may be obtained to berth there but vegetable oil vessel must unberth as soon as Petrobras vessel arrives.
Pier 
Capacity
Load Rate per hour
Draft Feet 
CATALLINI
55.000
500
35'00''

Observation:
This is a private terminal, berthing and unberthing is decided directly with Catallini.


Storage capacity - there are vertical and horizontal silos with a storage capacity of 184,000 t, mostly pellets for the 3 loaders at shed nos. 1/3., 105,000 t pellets for the loader at shed nos. 6/7., and 210,000 t grain including soya beans, 250,000 t pellets and 40,000 t meals for the loaders at ''corridor'' berths. The grand total storage capacity of all these products is approx. 799,000 t.


Vegetable oils - the total storage capacity in the port area is 84,000 t.

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