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Asian gypsy moth season strikes again

The Asian Gypsy Moth (AGM) season has struck again. It starts from late May to September which is considered the high risk AGM period.  So a vessel which has called at a port in the regulated AGM area during the specified risk period of the current or previous year will be considered a vessel of high AGM risk. These vessels are required to comply with the relevant AGM regulations ( for example, a so-called AGM approved certificate) issued by the regulating countries, namely, Australia, Canada, Chile, USA and New Zealand. 

Members are advised to refer to our AGM section for information and guidance. 

Australian Asian Gypsy Moth Regulations

Current Regulations

  • Commencement of AGM vessel assessment and inspection arrangements 2018 under Australia Industry Advice Notice No.06-2018 issued by the DAFF.
  • Maritime Arrivals Reporting System (MARS)
  • First points of entry (FPOE)
  • Vessel Compliance Scheme (VCS)

AGM requirements

Under the Biosecurity Act 2015, DAFF requires all vessels that have visited a far east Russian port between 40°N to 60°N, and west of 147°E anytime between 1 July and 30 September in the previous two calendar years provide an AGM freedom certificate.

The certificate must be issued by the agriculture authorities in Australia, Canada, New Zealand, Russia or the United States of America. If the certification is issued by the Russian agriculture authorities, the certificate must include the date and time of departure from the port where the vessel was inspected for AGM and cleared.

If the Master of a vessel requests a Certificate of Freedom from Asian Gypsy Moth to be issued a full AGM inspection will be conducted by the department.

Where to find the vessel’s AGM Certificate
The Master and the vessel’s port Agent will receive the Certificate as a PDF attachment to an email after an inspection. Only the vessel’s Agent and the department has access to the electronically stored Certificate in MARS.

AGM related requirements

Maritime Arrivals Reporting System (MARS)

MARS  is an online web portal for commercial vessel masters and shipping agents to submit pre-arrival documents required of all international vessels seeking Australian biosecurity clearance.

As part of the pre-arrival reporting process, all relevant vessels will be sent an AGM questionnaire through the MARS. MARS has functionality to view information related to the status of your vessel.

The completed questionnaire has to be returned to the Maritime National Co-ordination Centre (MNCC) and assessed. Vessel will be notified if a targeted AGM inspection is required as part of the first port arrival formalities.

All Pre-arrival reporting using MARS ensures that:

  • the biosecurity risk of each vessel entering Australian waters is assessed
  • all biosecurity risk posed by vessels is adequately managed.

Where a vessel inspection does not meet the department‘s standards, additional directions or corrective actions will be issued by a biosecurity officer.

Note:

  • Vessel Operator Responsibilities
    The operator of the vessel is obligated to accurately report information in accordance with Section 193 of the Biosecurity Act 2015. This information must be lodged in MARS no later than 12 hours prior to arrival.
  • Shipping Agent Responsibilities
    Where the vessel operator uses a shipping agent, the agent is responsible for lodgement of accurate and timely information into MARS. The agent must ensure that this information is a true and correct representation of the reports provided by the vessel operator, and that any changes have been confirmed with the operator.

First points of entry (FPOE)

Under the Biosecurity Act 2015, all international vessels and goods become subject to biosecurity control on entering Australian territory (12NM offshore).

Such vessels must only enter Australia at ports that have been determined as first points of entry under section 229 of the Biosecurity Act 2015, unless permission has been granted by the department to enter a non-first point of entry (under subsection 247(2) of the Act).

This is to ensure that vessels enter Australia at a location that has appropriate facilities and personnel to manage the biosecurity risks to an acceptable level.

Vessels may only enter an FPOE after:

  1. Submitting mandatory pre-arrival reporting form using MARS;
  2. Receiving advice on biosecurity, pratique and berthing conditions from the department as Biosecurity Status Documents (BSDs); a single source of information for biosecurity directions and advice for each voyage

Vessel Compliance Scheme (VCS)

A scheme developed by DAFF to help vessels comply with the biosecurity requirements and also allow vessels to reduce physical inspections over a defined voyage cycle if they qualify and remain under the VCS. The VCS uses a demerit action list and associated points that determine the vessel eligibility under the VCS.

Commercial vessel operators must meet  the following requirements to be eligible for the VCS and qualify for reduced intervention:

  • A minimum of 3 voyages to Australia in a 12 month period
  • Below the individual inspection threshold of 10 points for a voyage
  • Below the collective threshold of 20 points over 3 voyages.

Background

Gypsy moths pose a high biosecurity risk to Australia because of their tendency to hitchhike and their high reproductive rate. If gypsy moths established in Australia they would be extremely difficult and expensive to manage, partly because of their broad host range.

Australia is now operating under the Biosecurity Act 2015 (BSA) which DAFF administers and this act relates to the management of diseases and pests that may cause harm to human, animal or plan health or the environment. AGM requirements fall under the BSA which replaced the Quarantine Act 1908 in 2016.

As such, DAFF is responsible for making sure that all vessels arriving in Australia from overseas must comply with Australia’s biosecurity laws and International Health Regulations.

 

Brown Marmorated Stink Bug Regulations

Joint-measures by Australia and New Zealand to keep Brown Marmorated Stink Bugs ( BMSBs) out. 

There has been an increasing widespread of the BMSBs throughout Europe and North America. In response to that and to keep these bugs out of their countries, New Zealand and Australia have come together to tighten up their measures to ensure that seasonal measures in place are consistent whenever possible to make compliance easier for vessels carrying cargoes to these countries. 

For the 2019/20 BMSB risk season, this will include the following:

  • Introduction of a joint ‘Offshore BMSB Treatment Providers Scheme’. A list of approved treatment providers is jointly maintained by New Zealand’s Ministry for Primary Industries (MPI) and the Department of Agriculture in Australia and published on both websites.
  • Alignment of treatment options. While the three treatment options, heat treatment, methyl bromide fumigation and sulfuryl fluoride fumigation, remain the same, it is important to note that some treatment application rates have changed.

Note also that the list of targeted list of countries having BMSBs has increased for both countries to 33 countries now.  

Australian Brown marmorated Stink Bugs (BMSBs) requirements

BMSBs pose a high biosecurity risk to Australia. This is an invasive pest, native to Asia, and is highly capable of hitchhiking, highly mobile in nature and lack of effective lures. They can severely impact the Australian agricultural industries as well as a nuisance pest to homes, vehicles and factories, seeking shelter in these areas over the winter. They are more frequently found on goods arriving in Australia between September and April, coinciding with the late autumn and winter seasons in the northern hemisphere. 

Due to the high risks posed by BMSBs, the Australian Department of Agriculture and Water Resources (DAWR) has introduced seasonal measures to manage these risks. For the 2019-20 BMSB risk season, heightened biosecurity measures will apply to:

1) certain goods manufactured in, or shipped from target risk countries, and/or
2) vessels that berth at, load or tranship from target risk countries

from 1 September 2019 and that arrive in Australian territory by 31 May 2020 (inclusive).These seasonal measures will apply between 1 September 2019 and 31 May 2020; both dates inclusive.

Goods shipped between 1 September and 30 April need to be treated, and will be referred for intervention if they arrive by 31 May 2020.

For goods that are shipped prior to 30 April and arrive after 31 May, they may be subject to intervention as required.

Vessels

Heightened surveillance will apply to all roll-on/roll-off (ro-ro) vessels. When they berth at, load or tranship in target risk countries from 1 September 2019 and that arrive in Australian territory by 31 May 2020 (inclusive) will be required to: 

  • conduct self-inspections and respond specific questions as part of the pre-arrival reporting requirements, and
  • undergo a mandatory seasonal pest inspection on arrival in Australia.

Vessel Seasonal Pest Scheme

In response to detections and challenges in managing on board infestations during the 2018-19 season, a Vessel Seasonal Pest Scheme (VSPS) will be introduced for the 2019-20 risk season as an alternative vessel clearance pathway for ro-ro vessels.

Only ro-ro vessels that are eligible for the ‘Vessel Seasonal Pest Scheme’ and have detected no insects on board will be exempted from the mandatory seasonal pest inspection. Note that RoRo vessels will only be exempt from mandatory seasonal pest inspections when the can demonstrate that all cargo has:

  • Been treated by a BMSB approved method, or
  • Is covered by an approved safeguarding agreement, or
  • Complies with New, Unused and Not Field Tested criteria,
    And
  • No insects have been detected on board.

DAWR will continue to perform inspections on vessels for other biosecurity reasons unrelated to BMSB. The nature of these inspections will vary based on the particular biosecurity risk being managed.

DAWR will work with selected shipping lines to trial the VSPS. For further information on the VSPS and 2019-20 BMSB seasonal measures for vessels visit the 2019-20 BMSB Vessels webpage.

Target risk countries 

Any target high risk or target risk goods manufactured in, or shipped from these countries are subject to the BMSB seasonal measures.  Any vessel that that berths at, load or tranships from these countries are also subject to BMSB seasonal measures:

  • Albania
  • Andorra
  • Armenia
  • Austria
  • Azerbaijan
  • Belgium
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Bulgaria
  • Canada
  • Croatia
  • Czech Republic
  • France
  • Georgia
  • Germany
  • Greece
  • Hungary
  • Italy
  • Kosovo
  • Liechtenstein
  • Luxembourg
  • Macedonia
  • Montenegro
  • Netherlands
  • Romania
  • Russia
  • Serbia
  • Slovakia
  • Slovenia
  • Switzerland
  • Spain
  • Turkey
  • United States of America
  • Japan (heightened vessel surveillance will be the only measure applied).

Target high risk or target risk goods 

Some goods manufactured in, or shipped from the target risk countries as sea cargo have been identified as target high risk or target risk goods. To view the list as well as how these goods should be subject to BMSB treatments, please click on this DAWR link here.  

Throughout the season, the measures based on detections of BMSB and the risk pathways would be continuously reviewed.

New Zealand BMSB requirements

On 22nd July 2019, revised standards for "Import Health Standard for Vehicles, Machinery and Parts" and "Import Health standard for Sea Containers from all Countries"  were released by the New Zealand Ministry for Primary Industries  (MPI). 

For BMST requirements in New Zealand, please to the Biosecurity New Zealand website managed by MPI. Also see ships arriving and hitchhiker pests. The new requirements apply with effect from 1 September 2019 to 30 April 2020. 

See also "Stink bug warning to importers" from MPI dates 1 August 2019. 

Chilean BMSB requirements

Servicio Agricola y Ganadero (SAG) Resolution No. 971/2018 (Spanish only), requiring fumigation of goods from United States to Chile. This resolution was further amended in 2019 ( No. 5607/2019) to include measures applicable for used vehicles and vehicle parts.  

Members operating ships to Australia, New Zealand and Chile are urged to familiarise themselves of the above BMSB requirements and compliance and for translation to get local agents to arrange accordingly. 

 

Pest Alert – Brown Marmorated Stink Bug – Vessels Beware!

Australian Brown marmorated Stink Bugs (BMSBs) requirements

BMSBs pose a high biosecurity risk to Australia. This is an invasive pest, native to Asia, and is highly capable of hitchhiking, highly mobile in nature and lack of effective lures. They can severely impact the Australian agricultural industries as well as a nuisance pest to homes, vehicles and factories, seeking shelter in these areas over the winter. They are more frequently found on goods arriving in Australia between September and April, coinciding with the late autumn and winter seasons in the northern hemisphere. 

Due to the high risks posed by BMSBs, the Australian Department of Agriculture and Water Resources (DAWR) has introduced seasonal measures to manage these risks. These seasonal measures will apply between 1 September 2018 and 30 April 2019; both dates inclusive.

Vessels

Heightened surveillance on all roll-on/roll-off (ro-ro) and general cargo vessels through additional pre-arrival reporting with a BMSB questionnaire and daily checks conducted by vessel masters.

Target risk countries 

Any target high risk or target risk goods manufactured in, or shipped from these countries are subject to the BMSB seasonal measures.  Any vessel that tranships or loads goods from these countries are also subject to heightened vessel surveillance:

  • United States of America
  • Italy
  • Germany
  • France
  • Russia
  • Greece
  • Hungary
  • Romania
  • Georgia
  • Japan (heightened vessel surveillance will be the only measure applied).

Target high risk or target risk goods 

Some goods manufactured in, or shipped from the target risk countries as sea cargo have been identified as target high risk or target risk goods. To view the list as well as how these goods should be subject to BMSB treatments, please click on this DAWR link here 

Throughout the season, the measures based on detections of BMSB and the risk pathways would be continuously reviewed.

New Zealand BMSB requirements

For BMST requirements in New Zealand, please to the Biosecurity New Zealand website

Chilean BMSB requirements

Servicio Agricola y Ganadero (SAG) Resolution No. 971/2018 (Spanish only)

Members operating ships to Australia, New Zealand and Chile are urged to familiarise themselves of the above BMSB requirements and compliance.

 

Brown Marmorated Stink Bug - new season new rules

The new season for BMSBs bugs has started in September and with that, a whole new string of measures has been implemented jointly by New Zealand and Australia to stem the tide of these bugs coming into their countries. For the 2019/2020 season, these measures include: 

  • Introduction of a joint ‘Offshore BMSB Treatment Providers Scheme’. A list of approved treatment providers is jointly maintained by New Zealand’s Ministry for Primary Industries (MPI) and the Department of Agriculture in Australia and published on both websites.
  • Alignment of treatment options. While the three treatment options, heat treatment, methyl bromide fumigation and sulfuryl fluoride fumigation, remain the same, it is important to note that some treatment application rates have changed.

Due to the rapid spread of these BMSBs in Europe and North America, the list of countries targetted for having BMSBs has now grown to 33 countries for New Zealand and Australia. 

New Zealand's MPI  has released new versions of their "Import Health Standard for Vehicles, Machinery and Parts" and the " Import Health Standard for Sea Containers from all countries" which entered into force on 22 July and 19 July 2019 respectively. These revised standards impose various requirements for certain goods as well as specific ones for sea containers coming from Italy  and used vehicles from Japan.   

MPI has also issued a "stick bug warning to importers" including shippers who may be unaware of these new rules to take the necessary action required. 

The Chilean Agriculture and Livestock Service has also applied similar measures via their amended resolution (No.5607/2019) to No. 971/2018,  both of which are unfortunately in Spanish. 

To see all the above requirements, our section on "Asian Gypsy Moth & phytosanitary restrictions/Brown Marmorated Stink Bug Regulations" has all the details. 

BIMCO Recommendations

Members operating ships heading for Australia, New Zealand and Chile should ensure that the above BMSB seasonal measures are complied with in order to avoid ships being turned away from their territorial waters, notwithstanding that the responsibility of ensuring the cargo is ¨'clean' lies with the importers. 

Bunker prices: sourced from www.mabux.com

Current bunker prices Last Updated: 21:29 (GMT) - 29 May 2020

PORTS 380cSt 180cSt VLS FO MGO LS
Rotterdam 185 ↓ (-5) 230 → (+0) 265 ↓ (-1)
Singapore 199 ↓ (-2) 267 ↓ (-10) 295 ↓ (-1)
Fujairah 182 ↓ (-13) 305 ↑ (+10) 365 ↓ (-15)
Copenhagen 193 → (+0) 248 ↓ (-5) 293 ↓ (-5)
Gothenburg 190 → (+0) 245 ↓ (-5) 290 ↓ (-5)
St. Petersburg 155 ↓ (-5) 220 → (+0) 259 ↓ (-1)
Tallinn 201 ↓ (-2) 253 ↑ (+10) 330 ↑ (+5)
Gibraltar 222 ↑ (+2) 275 ↓ (-6) 317 ↓ (-3)
Pireaus 227 ↓ (-3) 277 ↑ (+2) 287 ↓ (-13)
Istanbul 260 ↓ (-5) 300 ↓ (-15)
Houston 195 ↑ (+3) 247 ↑ (+2) 293 ↑ (+1)
Panama Canal 247 ↑ (+2) 268 ↑ (+3) 320 ↓ (-5)
Santos 237 ↓ (-12) 237 ↓ (-12) 402 ↓ (-2)
Buenos Aires 305 → (+0) 480 → (+0)
Hamburg 180 ↓ (-5) 245 ↑ (+5) 280 ↓ (-10)
Riga 197 ↓ (-5) 241 → (+0) 325 ↓ (-4)
Suape(XB)
Antwerpen 187 ↓ (-5) 232 → (+0) 267 ↓ (-1)
New York 203 ↓ (-2) 278 ↓ (-8) 317 ↓ (-6)
Philadelphia 206 ↓ (-2) 283 ↓ (-8) 322 ↓ (-6)
Hong Kong 225 ↓ (-6) 278 ↓ (-14) 297 ↓ (-10)
Genoa 215 ↑ (+10) 270 ↓ (-11) 341 → (+0)
Augusta 209 ↓ (-4) 287 ↑ (+9) 342 ↑ (+4)
Rio de Janeiro 262 ↓ (-12) 262 ↓ (-12) 372 ↓ (-2)
Bremerhaven 177 ↓ (-5) 260 ↑ (+5) 305 ↓ (-10)
Paranagua 267 ↓ (-12) 267 ↓ (-12) 435 ↓ (-2)
Rio Grande 267 ↓ (-12) 267 ↓ (-12) 436 ↓ (-2)
Recife
Salvador 275 ↓ (-12) 275 ↓ (-12) 417 ↓ (-2)
Fortaleza 253 ↓ (-12) 253 ↓ (-12) 425 ↓ (-2)
Fremantle 460 ↑ (+20) 480 → (+0)
Belem 296 ↓ (-12) 296 ↓ (-12) 449 ↓ (-2)
Tubarao 262 ↓ (-12) 262 ↓ (-12) 425 ↓ (-2)
Curacao 539 → (+0) 582 → (+0)
New Orleans 218 ↓ (-9) 255 ↓ (-15) 287 ↓ (-3)
Manaus 276 ↓ (-12) 276 ↓ (-12) 413 ↓ (-2)
Niteroi 262 ↓ (-12) 262 ↓ (-12) 372 ↓ (-2)
Praia Mole 262 ↓ (-12) 262 ↓ (-12) 425 ↓ (-2)
Suape(XP)
Vila do Conde 296 ↓ (-12) 296 ↓ (-12) 449 ↓ (-2)
Vitoria 262 ↓ (-12) 262 ↓ (-12) 425 ↓ (-2)
Itaqui (XP) 299 ↓ (-12) 299 ↓ (-12) 443 ↓ (-2)
Miami 247 ↑ (+3) 352 ↑ (+1)

Maximum Size

The indicative standard draft calculation formula for Hay Point is:

(12.10 m + tide) divided by 1.05


Generally the max. size of a fully laden ship at all tides is 60,000 tdw whilst the max. size at the high tide window is 200,000 tdw.

Vessels lying at the berths are recommended to maintain at least 10 per cent of draft underkeel clearance at any state of the tide.
.