Additional Gulf of Guinea security advice


As an additional aide to the advice promulgated on 9 February 2018, BIMCO urges all members to note the guidance and advice contained in the following security notice for ships operating in the Gulf of Guinea region.

Piracy in the Gulf of Guinea: Additional guidance for ship operators

Further to the Joint Industry Alert on Piracy in the Gulf of Guinea (released 9 February 2018), this guidance aims to reinforce currently available sources of information and additional material specific to the protection of ships operating in this area, to ensure ship operators are aware of the range of measures to enhance security in the Gulf of Guinea.

Industry Best Practice Guidance

Attention is once again drawn to ship protection measures outlined in BMP 4, and also the 2016 edition of the Industry Guidelines for Owners, Operators and Masters for protection against piracy in the Gulf of Guinea region. 

In addition to navigational charts, the Admiralty Maritime Security Chart Q6114 should be consulted to view report formats, voluntary reporting areas and relevant contact details. 


Use of Privately Contracted Armed Security Personnel

The use of Privately Contracted Armed Security Personnel (PCASP) on board ships in this region is strictly prohibited. However, Government Security Forces (GSF) can be utilised in some States’ waters providing their use is compliant with local laws.  For example, the Nigerian Navy authorise the use of armed naval personnel that can be deployed only by Private Maritime Security Companies (PMSC) that hold a current memorandum of understanding (MOU) with them. These armed Navy guards are not permitted to be embarked on board merchant ships but can - under the terms of the MOU - be deployed on board patrol boats owned and operated by the PMSCs holding the MOU (these patrol boats may then be used to provide an armed escort to ships transiting Nigerian waters). The current MOU in Nigeria is in the process of being reviewed, but an administrative extension has been granted to cover the interim period. 

Recent Incidents

To highlight the scale of the current problem in this area the following extract from the IMB Piracy Reporting Centre (IMB PRC) is reproduced for information:

Within a six-week period the centre has received six incidents of hijackings and crew kidnappings in the Gulf of Guinea.  Pirates target vessels to kidnap crew/vessels for ransom.

  1. On 10.01.2018: Cotonou anchorage, Benin. Vessel hijacked from anchorage. Vessel and crew released six days later.
  2. On 01.02.2018: Cotonou anchorage, Benin.  Vessel hijacked from anchorage. The vessel and crew released five days later.
  3. On 17.02.2018: 2251 UTC: Posn: 06:17.89N - 002:30.34E, Cotonou anchorage, Benin.  Pirates boarded vessel.  All crew went into citadel.  Navy team boarded and rescued crew.
  4. On 09.02.2018: around 50 nm SW of Bonny, Nigeria. pirates boarded a vessel.  Some crew members reported missing.
  5. On 09.02.2018: around 8 nm West of Debundsha, Cameroon.   Pirates attacked a fishing vessel.  Crew reported missing.
  6. On 15.02.2018 at 1850 UTC in position 03:42.59N – 007:05.59E, around 40.62nm SSW of Bonny, Nigeria. Pirates fired upon a vessel.  Due to arrival of navy ship pirates aborted.

Ships intending to drift are advised to do so at least 250 nm away from the coast and to go for direct berthing if possible. Early assessment / detection will allow ships to take evasive measures to prevent boarding and request for assistance.


Philip Tinsley
By Philip Tinsley
in Copenhagen, DK


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